Understanding Bad Breath Problem

Bad breath can be very embarrassing but it is a common condition and there are numerous ways to prevent it. Understanding the common causes of bad breath can help you deal with bad breath problem

Why do I have bad breath or bad smell from mouth?

Bad breath or malodor is an unpleasant odor of the mouth. This is also known as halitosis.

Bad breath or bad smell from mouth is a very common problem and now a day’s so many people complain of bad breath from their mouth even after brushing well  twice a day. It is very important to understand the mechanism or cause of bad breath or foul smell form mouth so that we can get rid of it effectively and easily.

Please continue reading to find out answers about:

  1. What are the common factors responsible for bad breath or foul smell from mouth?
  2. Link of serious underlying medical or systemic conditions with certain types of foul smell from mouth that we should consider as alarming for our general health and seek immediate professional medical advice?
  3. How to get rid of foul smell from mouth or how we can treat bad breath?

Oral hygiene is the most important part of our oral health and overall wellbeing, so if there is malodor or unpleasant breath or bad breath coming from the mouth it is not a good idea to ignore it. Bad breath may indicate poor oral health or even other medical condition and may affect our general wellbeing as well as it can restrict one from freely socializing as it creates psychologically bad impact and makes an individual lose confidence.

Bad breath for shorter period of time may be due to certain eating habits and we can easily get rid of it by changing the habit or avoiding certain foods but if bad breath remains for an extended period of time then there may be a sign of something more serious and we should take professional help for a dentist.

In general 90% of foul smell from mouth is locally of oral origin whereas the remaining 10% occurs due to other underlying medical conditions.

Factors responsible for bad breath:

No. 1 cause for bad breath for most patients remains to be poor oral hygiene and / or deposition of calculus or tartar on teeth.  Chewing from one side can also lead to deposition of calculus on non-use side and lead to bad smell from mouth or halitosis.

Most common cause for bad breath of shorter duration may be due to some eating habits or eating certain foods such as Garlic, Onions, Meat, Fish etc. Sometimes it may even be due to Alcohol consumption, Smoking or other forms of tobacco abuse.  In most cases we can easily get rid of such short term bad breath by changing our eating habits or by adjusting our diet or by discontinuing tobacco, alcohol or any other form of addiction along with maintenance of  proper oral hygiene protocols.

Another very common cause is food particle getting stuck on surface of tongue and forming a coating or layer over the tongue or food particle sticking on teeth or gums after meal. If proper cleaning and gargling of mouth is not done post meal then food particles remain stuck on tongue, teeth and gums and bacteria present in the mouth reach with these food particles to produce gas compounds which leads to bad breath. Hence it is very important to brush and rinse mouth thoroughly after each meal and tongue cleaning with brush or tongue cleaner along with flossing and use of mouthwash can be very effective in preventing bad breath of foul smell from the mouth.

Our saliva plays an important role in cleaning of oral cavity and it also has an anti-bacterial effect. Dry mouth or decreased flow of saliva in the mouth is also an important cause of foul smell from the mouth. Elderly people are at a risk of having decreased saliva production by salivary glands which in turns leads to dry mouth. However most common cause of decreased saliva flow in mouth is due to side effects of certain medications used to treat depression, anxiety, pain, allergies, colds, obesity, acne, epilepsy, hypertension (diuretics), diarrhea, nausea, psychotic disorders, urinary incontinence, asthma etc. or due to inflammation or diseases of salivary glands.
If you are suffering from dry mouth then it is important to see you dentist and get professional help. There are a number of ways that may help you improve your saliva flow in the mouth. Some of them are as follows:

  • Your dentist may prescribe you artificial saliva substitute or saliva stimulating agents.
  • Drinking plenty of water helps keep mouth moist.
  • Breathing through nose and not through mouth, as much as possible.
  • Suck on sugar free candy or chew sugar free gums.

Improper maintenance of dental appliance is also responsible for causing bad breath, example includes improper cleaning of dentures and other removal or fixed dental appliances. Faulty dental restorations is also one of the cause where food particles remain lodged on restoration and bacteria present in the mouth react with these food particle to produce gases that causes foul smell in the mouth.

Some oral and dental infections including dental abscesses, oral candidiasis, periodontal infection, pericoronitis  etc may also lead to foul smell from the mouth and usually disappear once the infection subsides. It is important to consult your dentist and start early treatment before the situation worsens.

Sometimes bad breath or bad smell from the mouth may be of non-oral origin; this includes infection in nose, throat or sinuses and certain medical conditions such as follows:

Diabetes: Patients of diabetes may sometimes have a peculiar sweet and fruity smell from their mouth. This smell is classically described as “Rotten Apple Smell” and it is due to a type of complication of uncontrolled diabetes know as diabetic ketoacidosis.

Kidney Disease: Patients with certain Kidney disease may have “Ammonia Breath” or “Fishy Breath” from their mouth.

Digestive Tract: Patients with various digestive tract problems present themselves with different types of foul smell from mouth and this often includes “Rotten Eggs Smell” and even “Faces Smell” from mouth, as horrible as it sounds, there is very high probability that you may have bowel obstruction if later is the case.

Sinus Infection: Sinuses like Maxillary Sinus, Frontal Sinus, Ethemoidal Sinus etc. often get infected even with common cold and sinus infection present with “Moldy” or “Fungus” smell from mouth.

Metallic Breath: Metallic breath is commonly due to use of certain medications.

bad breath can be caused by variety of reasons and it may be due to any of the above mentioned serious underlying medical conditions, hence it is important to get proper diagnosis done and get right treatment as early stage before the disease progress.

8 Ways To Stop Bad Breath

Following these common tips can help you fight bad breath as well as keep your mouth healthy on a daily basis.

1. Brush Teeth Twice A Day

Brush your teeth for two to three minutes at least twice a day to remove plaque and food debris. It’s very important to brush your teeth before going to bed. You might try an additional round of brushing with baking soda to reduce the acidity in the mouth and make it difficult for the bacteria that cause bad breath to grow.

2. Floss Daily

Flossing will remove food debris from in between the teeth that a toothbrush can’t reach. If the food debris is not removed, the bacteria will begin to feed on it, causing bad breath.

3. Brush Or Scrape Your Tongue

It is very important remove any residue that may be building up between the taste buds and folds in the tongue, invest in an inexpensive tool called a tongue scraper or tongue cleaner which is available in most drugstores. If you don’t have a tongue scraper, you can use your toothbrush to brush your tongue.

4. Use A Mouth Rinse

Keep in mind that if a dental problem is the cause of chronic bad breath, a mouth rinse will only mask the odor and not cure it. In some cases, mouth rinses may actually worsen a bad breath problem by irritating oral tissue. For an emergency freshen-up, try a quick rinse with a mix of water and a few drops of peppermint oil or rinse your mouth with black or green tea: according to a study by the University of Illinois at Chicago, rinsing your mouth with black or green tea suppresses the growth of bacteria that cause mouth odor.

5. Visit Your Dentist

The best way to make sure that you are maintaining good oral hygiene is to visit your dentist regularly every 6 months. If you have chronic bad breath, you should visit your dentist first, to rule out any dental problems or, if your dentist believes that the problem is caused from a systemic (internal) source such as an infection, he or she may refer you to your family physician or a specialist to help remedy the cause of the problem.

6. Quit Smoking And Avoid Tobacco Products

If you ever needed another reason to quit, here’s an easy one: smoking contributes to bad breath. Tobacco tends to dry out your mouth and can leave an unpleasant smell that lingers even after brushing your teeth.

7. Wet Your Whistle

Be sure to drink a sufficient amount of water daily to avoid dry mouth. Drinking water will help keep odor under control because it helps wash away food particles and bacteria, the primary cause of bad breath. If you have chronic dry mouth or take medications that causes you to have dry mouth, talk to your dentist and he will prescribe you saliva stimulator or substitute.

8. Eat A Piece Of Sugarless Candy Or Chew Sugarless Gum

Sucking on a piece of sugarless candy or chew sugarless gum can help stimulate saliva flow. The saliva will help to wash away food debris and bacteria that cause bad breath. The chewing gum will also help reduce plaque on tooth surface by mechanical cleansing.

If you have a persistent bad breath then it is highly recommended to visit us at our best dental clinic in Jamnagar and our expert doctors will do a proper diagnosis and help you find you the underlying cause so that a right and proper treatment can be done to get rid of bad breath problem.

Frequently Asked Questions About Bad Breath and Their Answers

What is bad breath?

Bad breath or halitosis is characterized by an unpleasant odor of the mouth.

What causes bad breath?

Causes of bad breath include food, tobacco products, poor dental hygiene, health problems, dry mouth, oral infections, dental problems, or medications.

What causes bad breath even after brushing teeth?

Failing to brush and floss your teeth properly and regularly can make your breath smell because plaque and bacteria accumulate on and between your teeth. Most common cause of bad breath is gum disease, which contribute to foul-smelling breath. It’s caused by neglecting oral hygiene.

What causes bad breath from the stomach?

Acid reflux is the backward flow of stomach contents such as undigested food, regurgitated bile, and stomach acids into your esophagus. This can lead to bad breath. The primary cause of acid reflux in most people is a faulty or relaxed lower esophageal sphincter.

Why do I have bad breath all the time?

Persistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth may be commonly a warning sign of gum (periodontal) disease. Gum disease is caused by the buildup of plaque on teeth. Bacteria cause the formation of toxins to form which irritate the gums. The medical condition dry mouth (also called xerostomia) also can cause bad breath. Several internal medical conditions also can cause bad breath. They include diabetes, liver disease, respiratory tract infections, and chronic bronchitis. You’ll want to see your doctor to rule out things like acid reflux, postnasal drip, and other causes of chronic dry mouth (xerostomia).

How to fight bad breath?

More than 80 million people suffer from chronic halitosis, or bad breath. In most cases it originates from the gums and tongue. Please visit our best dental clinic in Jamnagar and our expert doctor will do proper diagnosis and help you determine the cause of your bad breath problem so that it can be effectively treated.

Perfect Dental® is the best dental clinic in Jamnagar and our team of specialist doctors is highly skilled and experienced best dentists in Jamnagar. We have a highest success rate of 97%.

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